Proprioceptive Dysfunctions may lead to Postural Deficiency Syndrome (PDS) described by H.Martins da Cunha, MD in 1977. Martins da Cunha described several kinds of symptoms with the most relevant being Pain, Unbalance, and Cognitive Dysfunctions.
Pain includes back pain, neck pain, high pain torticolis, brachialgia, chest pain, limb pain, hyperalgia and migraine.
Unbalance includes vertigo, dizziness, body disequilibrium
Cognitive Dysfunction includes dyslexia, dysgraphia, dysorthographia, lack of attention and hiperactivity.
Vascular dysfunctions like Reynaud Syndrome, cold extremities (even in summer time), narrowing between high and low arterial pressure, and asymmetrical blood supply without arterial lesions are also important symptoms which lead patients to search for medical help.
The sense of body localization is disturbed, patients bite involuntarily their inner mouth, they fall down without evident reason, they lose sense of orientation, they run into doors and furniture at home, and they can't walk straight with their eyes closed.
These symptoms are not present in every patient but in a significant part of them.
Whatever the type of symptom the patient presents, all are eliminated by the same treatment. The symptoms change for every individual but the type of treatment does not. Only the details are different but not according to the symptoms but to the type of PDS. This means we can use the same treatment for cognitive dysfunction, back pain or vertigo and different treatment details for two cases of similar back pain.